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Monday, June 18, 2018

Rainfall and economic development

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Rainfall is very important for agricultural growth and economic development. Every year the country waits eagerly for rainfall because with the advent of rainy season it blossoms in the development of agricultural production which is also no doubt conducive towards our macro economic development.

Basically rainfall acts as a solace to relieve the human beings from scourge of severe scorching heat and also to stimulate agricultural growth in different parts of India. This is also equivalent to the situations in Bangladesh and also to other South Asian nations.

In India there are five rainfall zones available all over the country which is also beneficial towards economic growth and also relief from severe scorching heat. In India the average annual rainfall is estimated to be around 300- 650 millimeters but it also varies from time to time. Below the pattern of rainfall in India is analyzed on the basis of graphs shown downward as per the statistics available from the year 2016 Data.

The logic behind highlighting the bottom data is to give a clear picture to the online readers of both India and Bangladesh. This is because the geographical situations of both the countries are more or less identical only difference is that of political bifurcation. Thus in the subsequent paragraphs I aim to analyze the impact of rainfall to stimulate agricultural growth as well as that of economic development.

Rainfall plays an important part in economic as well as agricultural development. In order to accelerate GDP growth, food prices, consumer spending and bank interest rates are also equally responsible. When there is good monsoon in some parts of the year it accelerates the purchasing power of human beings.

Along with good monsoon rainfall is also helpful to accelerate farm output and incomes which ultimately increases rural income and demand by rural citizens of India. This concept is equally applicable in the case of Bangladesh.

Though we might claim good amount of rainfall is beneficial for agricultural growth and farm output but if the rainfall exceeds normal limit then there lies every possibility of natural disaster which also might take severe toll on human lives.

So it can be claimed confidently without a trace of dubiousness that heavy rainfall is welcome but not at the cost of natural disaster and also heavy toll on human lives in both India and Bangladesh. There are multiple advantages being associated in regard to regard to rainfall in India. Some of the common ones are stated as follow:

*    Proper rainfall or monsoon is beneficial for agricultural growth in India.
*   On account of good monsoon or rainfall Indian forestry areas gets rejuvenated.
*   Good monsoon or rainfall is also beneficial for economic development.
*    It is also advantageous for power production all over India and also Bangladesh.
*   Water supply is also benefited on account of good monsoon or rainfall.

There are various disadvantages being associated in regard to rainfall or monsoon season in both India and Bangladesh. This is because geographical situation of both India and Bangladesh are uniform in nature. So some of the common disadvantages of monsoon or rainfall in both India and Bangladesh are stated as follow:

*   Excess rainwater creates heavy flood and also damages agricultural crops in both India and Bangladesh.
*    Excess rainfall or monsoon also is responsible to mass killing of innocent lives in both countries.
*   Excess rainfall forces the people in both India and Bangladesh to move towards the river catchment areas.
*   Excess rainfall creates excess load on our drainage system in both countries.
*    Excess rainfall or monsoon is also responsible towards our drainage system.
*    Due to the above people suffer from severe water borne diseases.

What should be the maximum rate of rainfall in both India and Bangladesh?

It is already known to us that geographical scenarios of India and Bangladesh are more or less same. There might be little bit difference but still parity is well maintained. During the extreme humidity period the rainfall in Bangladesh is estimated to be around 250 millimeters whereas the same scenario in India is repeated as approximately average 2500 millimeters of rainfall which sometimes vary from time to time.

In both countries when there is rainfall with restraint then the chances of any natural disasters are very much minimal.  But despite all the odds everything is dependent upon vagaries of nature.

Summing up the above one point is clear that both India and Bangladesh are closely based in South Asian continent. During the time of rainfall or monsoon both countries have deep impact but as we are all aware of that everything depends upon the whims of nature.

Even if there is any natural disaster in both countries then the governments of both countries should take sincerest initiatives to tide over the disaster crisis, anyhow rainfall or monsoon is dearly relevant in both Saarc countries.


The writer is based in Kolkata

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