Sustainable waste collection in city still a far cry
Some 6110.47 tons of wastes are generated every day in both the Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC) and the Dhaka South City Corporation (DSCC) of the mega city Dhaka and 76 percent are household wastes out of which 97 percent are organic.
These have been revealed in a survey conducted by BRAC Institute of Governance and Development, a concern of the BRAC University, in four areas- old Dhaka, Rampur, Mirpur and Badda- in Dhaka with a view to learning about the state of wastes in the capital.
The survey found that 93 percent of respondents currently avail door-to-door services and 7 percent do not have such services. It said that existing waste collection practice varies regarding time, which is concerning issue is sustainable waste management systems. The survey said that waste collection from households starts in the morning and continues until night.
However, according to contracts with city corporations and the City Corporation Act 2009, waste collectors should collect waste from households between 6pm and 10pm. 48.80 percent of respondents answered that waste collectors collect their household waste from noon to 3 pm.
Moreover, 40.20 percent reported that waste collection took place in the morning while 9.40 percent reported in the afternoon. 82.8 percent of respondents think that the timing of waste collection is suitable and 17.2 percent don't think so.
54.5 percent of households in the Mirpur area said that their waste was collected in the morning while 43.8 percent reported the collection time was noon and morning respectively.
About 96 percent of households in Malibagh area answered that the waste collection time was morning to noon. Whereas, the scenario is little different in old Dhaka, maximum waste collection time was noon (56.6) followed by 22.5 per cent in the morning and 5.6 per cent at night.
During the survey, the highest number (46.1percent) of respondents reported the service to be regular, 6.2 percent as mostly irregular and 5.9 percent as irregular. 45.3 percent of respondents from Badda area reported that their waste collection service was regular. In Malibagh area, the maximum number of respondents was satisfied because of the regularity of the service.
Moreover, 53.6 per cent of respondents from Mirpur area reported that their waste collection service was almost regular. Some scenario was observed in old Dhaka area, where about 50 percent of respondents said the same thing and 11 percent reported that the door-to-door service is irregular.
The survey said that 7 per cent of respondents do not have door-to-door collection service in their household. 96.4 percent of respondents reported that they throw their wastes into the nearby containers in absence of door-to-door collection service while 3.6 percent said that they throw wastes in open spaces. If 7 percent of people, who do not have door-t-door services, throw their wastes in containers, the environment is likely to be more polluted.
The survey identified that most of the respondents have door-to-door services for waste collection. Generally, they have to pay for this service. The statistics show that the payment varies. About 50.4 percent of respondents reported to pay maximum Tk 51-100 per month; 19 percent pay Tk 50. Moreover, 18.8 percent of households pay Tk 101-200 for waste collection through door-to-door service.
The City Corporation Act 2009 states that every household will pay Tk 30 monthly for waste collection through vans and the collection time should be 6pm-10 pm. But these aren't observed in accordance with the Act, said the survey.
The survey identified that the existing payment system differs from area to area.
Most of the respondents in Mirpur and Badda areas pay Tk 51-100. On the other hand, 11.8 percent replied that they pay more than Tk 200, which is much higher than the average rate of waste collection charge.
All households under the survey were asked to tell their satisfaction level regarding waste management services. 50.7 percent of the households replied that they were somewhat satisfied and 32.4 percent very much satisfied with waste disposal services in the city.